Leukemia or Blood Cancer is a Deadly Disease

InfoHealthyLife.Com - Blood cancer or leukemia is cancer that attacks white blood cells. White blood cells are blood cells that protect the body from foreign matter or disease. These white blood cells are produced by bone marrow.

Under normal circumstances, white blood cells will be required when the body needs to eliminate the infection often grow. However, human and blood cancer another situation. Bone marrow produces white blood cells that are not normal when it does not work properly, as well as excess. Increasing the amount of healthy blood to reduce the number of bone marrow cells will lead to accumulation.
Leukemia or Blood Cancer is a Deadly Disease
In addition to depreciation, abnormal cells can also spread to other organs, such as the liver, spleen, lung, kidney, and even to the brain and spine.

Types of blood cancer
There are various types of blood cancer. Based on its rapid development, this cancer can be divided into two kinds of acute and chronic.

Acute blood cancer, due to increased white blood cell abnormalities or immature cells can not function properly the number of rapid growth. This growth is very fast, and thus even spread to the blood. This type needs to be resolved immediately. If left unchecked, the body will lack oxygen and immune disease or reduce infection.

At the same time, chronic blood tumor development is slow and in the long run. White blood cells should die in the blood that will live and accumulate, bone marrow, and other related organs. These cells are more mature so that it can work for a while well, so the symptoms are often not felt until after years of the new logo.

Blood cancers can also be classified according to the type of white blood cells that are attacked. Blood cancer attacks are known by the term lethal leukemia limfotik and are named as myeloid leukemia mitogen attack cells known to lymphocytes.

Based on the above two groups, there are four types of blood cancer most often occur. The following is a description of each type.
  • Limfotik acute leukemia or acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)
  • Can inhibit lymphocyte function, which may be affected by the infection of severe infection. Blood tumors are usually children who suffer but can also attack adults.
  • Mielogen acute leukemia or acute myeloid leukemia (AML)
  • This is blood cancer, mainly affecting the type of children. AML can also affect children and adolescents. Cancer will form bone marrow cells is not perfect, will block the blood vessels.
  • Limfotik chronic leukemia or chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)
  • This type of blood can only be experienced by adults. CLL is generally only detectable late because the patient is less likely to feel the symptoms for a long time.
  • Acute or chronic mitogen chronic myeloid leukemia (CML)
The type of blood tumor is mainly caused by people over 20 years of age. CML has two stages. In the first stage, abnormal cells will grow slowly. During the second phase, the number of abnormal cells increased rapidly until the sharp decrease.

In general, leukemia blood or bone marrow cancer responds to white blood cell decisions. Cells are usually effective in eradicating the normal growth of this infection and ultimately making the body's immune function to the maximum.

The symptoms of blood cancer
The symptoms of blood cancer are very different. All patients usually experience depending on the type of symptoms that suffer from blood cancer.

This cancer is also known as hard indications that are often similar to other conditions such as flu. Therefore, we need to pay attention to the common symptoms did not improve or subside, such as:
  •     Drowning or constant fatigue.
  •     fever.
  •     Shivering.
  •     headache.
  •     Vomiting.
  •     Sweating too much, especially at night.
  •     Painful bones or seams.
  •     lose weight.
  •     Swollen lymph nodes, liver or spleen.
  •     Serious emergence or frequent infection.
  •     Prone to bleeding (eg, often nosebleeds) or bumps.
  •     The red dot appears on the skin.
If you or your child has the above symptoms, call your doctor to check. Especially for the recurrence of symptoms or no improvement.

Etiology and risk factors of blood cancer
The underlying cause of blood tumors is unknown. However, in the white blood cells of the DNA mutation accidental movements change every cell, in addition, caused by genetic and environmental effects of other changes in white blood cells are also expected to cause leukemia.

Risk factors that increase blood cancer include:
  • Genetic or genetic. Down syndrome or other hereditary diseases rarely increase the risk of acute leukemia. Although chronic lymphocytic leukemia is often in the family, usually experienced by men. In addition, the family history of leukemia can also increase the risk of suffering from the same disease.
  • He has treated cancer. Chemotherapy or radiotherapy may cause some so-called blood cancer.
  • There have been high levels of exposure to radiation or certain chemicals. For example, who has been involved in the exposure of nuclear reactors or chemical substances such as benzene exposure.
  • Smoking. Smoking not only increases blood cancer (leukemia mielogen is particularly severe) but also has many other risks of disease.
Even so, most people do not suffer from the high incidence of leukemia. On the other hand, leukemia patients are often found in people who do not have such a risk.

Diagnosis and treatment of blood cancer
Initially, the doctor will ask to check your physical condition before the symptoms exist. In the physical examination, the doctor will find some signs of leukemia, such as pale skin anemia, lymph nodes, and the liver and spleen are enlarged. If the doctor suspects that you have blood cancer, the doctor will recommend a more detailed examination, including blood tests and bone marrow biopsy.

In a blood test, the doctor will look for leukocytes or platelet abnormalities. Leukemia patients generally have a white blood cell level is much higher than normal.

In addition, the doctor may advise you to do a bone marrow test. In this check, the doctor will use a long fine needle to put your spinal cord tissue samples. Samples of these networks will then be further examined in the laboratory to show that you have experienced the type of blood cancer and the most appropriate treatment regimen.

Blood cancer treatment
After the diagnosis of positive blood cancer, the doctor will discuss the appropriate treatment. This type of control you will take depends on your age, your health, and the type or stage of blood cancer you are suffering.

Here generally recommended treatment to treat blood cancer, including:
  • Chemotherapy is the most common treatment in leukemia cases. Chemotherapy uses chemicals to kill cancer cells.
  • Radiation Therapy. The use of X-ray to destroy and inhibit the growth of cancer cells this treatment technology. Radiotherapy can be done only in cancer, or throughout the body of certain areas, depending on your situation. Radiation therapy can also be used to prepare for stem cell transplantation.
  • Stem cell transplantation or stem cells to alter the bone marrow that has been damaged by health. Stem cells are used for bodies that can come from your own body or other donors. Chemotherapy or radiotherapy is usually performed prior to receiving the transplant procedure.
  • Treatment focuses on vulnerable components that attack cancer cells.
  • Biotherapy to help the immune system identify and attack cancer cells.
  • And supervision. This is for the treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia. In this treatment, careful observation, look at the development of the disease. If someone has already proven chronic lymphocytic leukemia but does not show symptoms of the disease this therapy can also be done.

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