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12 Essential Supplements for Diabetics

12 Essential Supplements for Diabetics
InfoHealthyLife.Com - Many of those with type 2 diabetes experience a lack of minerals and water soluble vitamins. Because, high glucose levels in the blood can hold fluid so that the volume of water in the kidneys increases and cannot be reabsorbed. Diabetics also tend to urinate more often so that vitamins and minerals are wasted a lot.

That's why patients must be smart to meet the needs of vitamins and minerals by applying a balanced healthy diet every day. However, there are times when these needs are still not met. You can fulfill this deficiency through additional supplements.

Some supplements can also help the body maximize the use of insulin so that blood sugar levels remain controlled. However, you need to remember that this supplement is only complementary, not a substitute for diabetes care. It is very important for you to consult a doctor first before taking supplements, including herbs.

Because, everyone has different types and doses. Herbal remedies that are often considered safe and without side effects actually actually have a strong effect on the body. This supplement can also interact with other drugs that you are taking and cause certain reactions.
Supplements (vitamins and minerals) are important for diabetes

The following are the 12 best supplements that are often needed by diabetics. Keep in mind that the recommended dosage may differ from everyone's daily needs:

1. Vitamin B-complex
Vitamin B6 and B12 can help overcome neuropathy or nerve damage due to complications of chronic diabetes. Biotin, another B-complex vitamin, is needed in metabolic processes and growth. Biotin is also used for the formation and use of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. The recommended dosage is 75 mg of vitamin B6, 150 mg of B12, and 300 kg of biotin per day.

2. Vitamin C
Vitamin C helps reduce levels of sorbitol or sugar that accumulates which damages the cells of the eyes, kidneys, and nerves. Vitamin C also functions as an antioxidant and protects capillary blood vessels from damage that is susceptible to diabetes. The recommended dose is 1000 mg of vitamin C per day.

3. Vitamin D
Vitamin D can activate genes that accelerate the production of cathelicidin, an antimicrobial peptide that is capable of destroying other viruses, bacteria and germs. Because diabetics are more susceptible to infection due to diabetic ulcers and periodontal disease (gum), make sure your body gets the optimal amount of fat soluble vitamins, at least 2 thousand IU of vitamin D (in the form of cholecalciferol or D3) every day.

4. Vitamin E
Vitamin E is the main fat-soluble antioxidant in the body. This vitamin helps control blood glucose levels and protects blood vessels and nerves from free radicals that can aggravate diabetes. Research shows that high doses of vitamin E are thought to improve diabetic neuropathy and protect against cataracts and atherosclerosis.

Therefore, it is recommended that everyone, including those who are still healthy, consume at least 300 IU of vitamin E every day. However, make sure you choose natural vitamin E. Characteristics, this vitamin is written as d-alpha-tocopherol or d-alpha tocopheryl. While vitamin E synthesis is usually written as dl-alpha-tocopherol or dl-alpha-tocopheryl.

5. Alpha-Lipoic Acid (ALA)
ALA is a vitamin-like substance which is one of the antioxidants. ALA functions to protect cells from damage due to free radicals, helps transport glucose into cells, reduces nerve pain, and increases insulin sensitivity. The recommended dosage is 600 to 800 mg per day.

6. Magnesium
Magnesium deficiency is quite common in diabetics. Magnesium itself is a very important mineral in energy production and protein synthesis, cell replication, and DNA production. Magnesium can also reduce insulin resistance and control blood sugar levels to remain normal. The recommended dose is 500 to 1000 mg of magnesium per day.

7. Vanadium
Vanadium (or vanadyl sulfate) works by mimicking insulin in the body and keeping blood sugar levels normal. Vanadium is also believed to be very important in the prevention and treatment of diabetes. However, this mineral is only needed in small amounts by the body. The recommended dose is 100 mg per day.

8. Chromium
Chromium is a mineral that is needed in small amounts by the body. However, this mineral is very important to optimize the work of insulin and help move glucose and other nutrients into cells. Chromium does not make the body produce more insulin, but only improves its performance.

At least 15 trials have shown that chromium can increase glucose metabolism in diabetics, insulin resistance, and other blood sugar abnormalities. The recommended dose is 200 mkg per day.

9. Berberin
Berberine is a plant alkaloid that works to activate AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). AMPK itself is a basic regulator of metabolism in all animals and plants. AMPK functions to stimulate the release of glucose into cells, increase insulin sensitivity, and reduce glucose production in the liver which is often excessive in diabetics. The recommended dose is 1500 mg berberine per day.

10. Purslane
Easy to find in Indonesia, purslane (Portulaca oleracea) has health benefits for people with diabetes, which can regulate blood sugar. Purslane extract is believed to increase insulin sensitivity, increase glucose release in cells, and slow down the transfer of glucose from the large intestine to the blood. The recommended dose is 180 mg of purslane per day.

11. Gymnema Sylvestre
Gymnema sylvestre is a medicinal plant that grows creatively in the forests of India. The leaf extract of this plant contains gymnemic acid which can slow the transport of glucose from the large intestine to the bloodstream so that blood sugar levels remain normal. The recommended dose is 200 mg Gymnema sylvestre per day.

12. Bungur
Bungur leaf extract (Lagestroemia speciosa) contains colossolic acid which can accelerate glucose transport into cells so that blood sugar levels remain controlled. The recommended dose is 3 mg of bungur leaf extract per day.

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