Nutrition and Benefits of Cherry Fruit for Health

Nutrition and Benefits of Cherry Fruit for Health
InfoHealthyLife.Com - Cherry fruit is one family of drupa with apples, pears, plums and strawberries. Generally red fruits consist of various types, but there are two species that are most often consumed, namely Prunus avium (sweet cherry) and Prunus cerasus (sour cherry).

Cherry trees come from temperate climates and are difficult to cultivate in Indonesia. cherry is usually used as a cake decoration, while the fresh fruit is quite difficult to find on the market and the price is quite expensive.

However, it doesn't hurt to consume cherry occasionally. Besides having an attractive taste, cherry also has various benefits for your health.

Nutritional content of cherries

Sweet and sour cherries have different nutritional content. Although both contain very low calories, sour cherry contains more vitamins C and A per 100 g. Sour cherry is also more rich in antioxidants beta carotene, lutein, and zeaxanthin.

Both sweet and sour cherries also have stable antioxidants, melatonin, and anthocyanin glycoside flavonoids that make their colors red. cherry is one of the largest foods with ORAC antioxidant capacity.

The ORAC value of sweet cherry is even as high as strawberries. In addition, cherry is also enriched with zinc, iron, potassium, manganese and copper.

Cherry Benefits for Health
With an abundant phytochemical content equipped with several vitamins and minerals, cherry has a variety of health benefits as listed below:

Antioxidant protection
Anthocyanins in cherry protect the body from oxidative damage in several ways. Namely fighting free radicals directly, binding them to DNA to prevent oxidative damage, and activating the system of detoxification and antioxidant enzymes in the body.

Anthocyanin cherry shows protection against blood vessels and brain cells, and is expected to prevent atherosclerosis, degenerative diseases such as dementia, and cancer. One study showed that anthocyanins, especially cyanidin, help cell differentiation and prevent healthy cells from transforming into cancer.

Other studies show that anthocyanin can slow the development of human colon cancer cells.

Relieves gout
cherry and cherry juice have been used since the 1950s to relieve symptoms of arthritis and gout or more popularly known as gout. Some own research shows that consumption of sour cherries can reduce uric acid levels and inflammation in the body.

Healthy heart
The research presented in Experimental Biology 2011 shows that consumption of sour cherry juice helps reduce triglyceride, VLDL, and protein molecules involved in the formation of atherosclerotic plaques that can cause heart disease. Cherry also has potassium which helps regulate heart rate and blood pressure in the body.

Relieves pain
Cherry extract can block the work of COX-1 and COX-2 enzymes involved in the inflammatory process and pain sensations. This anthocyanin inhibiting activity is even comparable to the consumption of several painkillers.

Research shows that osteoarthritis sufferers who drink 2 cups of sour cherry juice every day experience a significant decrease in inflammation after 3 weeks. They also experienced a decrease in pain by 20%.

cherry also helps relieve muscle pain after exercise. Another study revealed that long-distance running athletes who drank sour cherry juice twice a day for 8 days experienced less pain than those who drank placebo. Even in weight lifters, consumption of cherry can reduce pain and maintain stamina for longer.

Makes you sleep better
cherry contains melatonin which helps regulate the sleep-wake cycle in the human brain. Melatonin can have a calming effect on brain neurons and the nervous system so that it helps relieve insomnia and headaches. Melatonin itself is actually produced by the pineal gland in the body.

Research reveals that consumption of sour cherry juice can increase melatonin levels and increase sleep duration and efficiency.

Helps prevent stroke
The University of Michigan Health System conducted a study of experimental animals to determine the effect of cherry acid extracts on regulation of fat and glucose. As a result, sour cherry not only provides cardiovascular health benefits such as drugs commonly prescribed by doctors, but also reduces the risk of stroke. The experimental mice experienced a significant increase in balance and coordination and a decrease in blood pressure.

Good for diabetes
Cherry calories and carbohydrates are low, so they can be consumed by diabetics in a reasonable amount. Cherry also has the potential to increase insulin production by up to 50% based on research from Michingan State University. This insulin increases when stimulated with anthocyanin in cherries. Insulin production has even increased by almost twice when exposed to the most active anthocyanin exposure.

However, this anthocyanin still needs to be tested in animals and humans before being used in the treatment of diabetes.

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