Nutrition and Benefits of Grapes Fruit for Health

Nutrition and Benefits of Grapes Fruit for Health
InfoHealthyLife.Com - Grapes (Vitis sp.) Are vine shrub fruits which have been cultivated since 6-8 thousand years ago in the Middle East. The benefits of grapes have been known for a long time. This is inseparable from the many nutrients and phytonutrients stored in Grapes. The following is a more complete discussion about the nutritional content of grapes and their benefits for health.

Nutrition of Grapes
Behind its exotic colors, grapes are rich in micronutrient minerals such as copper, iron, manganese and potassium. The fruit which is often used as the main ingredient in making Grapes is also a source of vitamins C, A, K, carotene, as well as vitamin B complexes such as pirikoksin, riboflavin, and thiamine.

Grapes is also enriched with various polyphenol antioxidants. Starting from anthocyanin, stilbene (resveratrol, piceatannol, pterostilbene), flavanol (catechins, epikatekin, procyanidin, proanthocyanidin, viniferon), flavonol (quercetin, kaempferol, myricetin, isorhamnetin), phenolic acid (cafeic acid, kumarat acid, ferulic acid, ferulic acid, acid error), and carotenoids (beta carotene, zeaxanthin, lutein).

The content of these antioxidants is different for each type of Grapes. For example, red and purple grapes contain a lot of anthocyanins, while green and white grapes have more tannins, especially catechins. In general, these antioxidant compounds are widely found in the skin and grape seeds.

Benefits of Grapes for Health

Various kinds of health benefits owned by Grapes because of the nutritional content in it. The following include:

Lower the risk of stroke
Resveratrol is one of the most prominent antioxidants of Grapes. Resveratrol helps reduce the risk of stroke by cutting the molecular mechanism in the blood vessels.

First of all, resveratrol will prevent damage to blood vessels by reducing angiotensin activity, a systemic hormone that causes narrowing of the arteries. Resveratrol then helps increase the production of nitrous oxide vasodilator compounds that increase blood vessel flexibility.

Reducing the risk of developing breast, prostate and colon cancer
Grapes is equipped with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory compounds that help reduce the risk of getting cancer. Catechins, proanthocyanidin, and stilbene (especially resveratrol) are often used as discussions in research on breast cancer. Resveratrol is also a major topic in the prevention of prostate cancer.

Meanwhile, many anthocyanins found in red and dark grapes are associated with prevention of colon cancer. Grapes also contains lots of fiber and has low calories which are very necessary to keep the intestines healthy.

Research shows that antioxidants in grapes can help prevent cell damage from free radicals, prevent oxygen-related enzymes from becoming overactive, reduce fat oxidation, reduce levels of oxygen-reactive molecules in the blood, and reduce oxidative stress biomarkers.

Keeping the health of the cardiovascular system
Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory functions in grapes help maintain the health of the cardiovascular system. All cells in our body need protection from damage caused by oxygen, especially arteries flowed with blood with high oxygen concentration.

Research shows that grapes help improve blood pressure regulation, reduce LDL cholesterol, reduce LDL oxidation, reduce levels of reactive oxygen molecules in the blood, reduce cell adhesion in the walls of blood vessels, prevent blood clots, increase the release of nitric oxide from endothelial cells lining blood vessel walls and prevent inflammation.

Grapes is also considered to be the main reason behind "the French Paradox". Although French people often consume large amounts of saturated fats, they have a low risk of heart disease. Allegedly their habits of consuming Grapes are the reason for this phenomenon.

Increase cognitive function
Some studies show that grape extract can help improve cognitive function in animals and humans. Among other things, students who consumed 1 to 2 cups of grape juice every day for several months showed an increase in the Califonia Verbal Learning Test. It is suspected that resveratrol can increase blood flow to the brain by up to 200% so that cognitive power also increases.

Other studies have shown that resveratrol helps reduce amyloidal beta-peptide levels in patients with Alzheimer's disease. This research suggests that grapes help improve brain health and prevent the development of degenerative diseases.

Anti microbes
Some phytonutrients in grapes including flavonoid quercetin to resveratrol and piceatannol are believed to have anti-microbial functions. Researchers also suspect that grapes have the potential to help prevent health problems caused by food-borne diseases.

Control blood sugar
Grapes is one of the fruits that has a low glycemic index, which ranges from 43 to 53. Some studies also show that Grapes has benefits in controlling blood sugar.

Consumption of grape extract is associated with better blood sugar balance and insulin regulation, as well as increased insulin sensitivity. Allegedly the content of strong phytonutrients in Grapes plays an important role in this matter.

Helps prolong life
Resveratrol is thought to help improve the ability of three genes associated with the extension of age, namely SirT1s, Fox0s, and PBEFs. Some researchers revealed resveratrol was able to mimic the work of calorie restriction and increase the life expectancy of yeast cells by up to 70%. However, further research is needed regarding its correlation to humans.

Prevent macular degeneration
Research from the University of Miami shows that grape-rich diets help improve eye health and prevent macular degeneration. Those who consumed three servings of Grapes per day had a risk of macular degeneration by 36% lower than those who did not.

Healthy kidneys and digestion
Grapes helps reduce acidity in the urine and helps remove it from the excretion system. The high water content in grapes also helps reduce pressure on the kidneys so that they keep them healthy. the Grapes also prevents constipation and irritation to the stomach.

Helps overcome fatigue

Green or white Grapes contains higher iron than dark grapes. This iron helps overcome fatigue and prevent anemia. Antioxidants in grapes also protect cells from damage and help accelerate muscle repair.

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