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Nutrition and Benefits of Watermelon Fruit for Health

Nutrition and Benefits of Watermelon Fruit for Heal
InfoHealthyLife.Com - Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) is an African fruit that is easily cultivated and found in Indonesia. This fruit is still a relative of melons, cucumbers and pumpkins. Just like its relatives, watermelons are rich in water content, making them suitable for consumption in tropical regions where the air temperature tends to heat.

Watermelon flesh can be enjoyed directly or made with juice, while the seeds are often processed into a quaci. Even the skin can be consumed as pickles and chips. Not only promises freshness and delicious taste, watermelons also have a nutritional content that is not less high than other fruits. Not surprisingly, watermelon is one of the fruits that is very beneficial for health.

Nutrition & Watermelon Content

Watermelon nutrient content One watermelon consists of 91 percent water and 6 percent sugar. Watermelon contains several kinds of vitamins including vitamin A, B1, B6, and the most prominent is vitamin C. In addition, watermelon also contains citrulline amino acids, spantotenic acid, copper, biotin, potassium, potassium, and magnesium.

Like other red fruits, watermelons also contain large amounts of carotenoid color pigments. The most prominent are lycopene and beta carotene. One study showed that other polyphenol carotenoids and antioxidants will increase when cooking watermelons.

Benefits of Watermelon for Health
Although the price includes cheap, watermelon is rich in phyto-nutrients and antioxidants that are very beneficial for health. Here are the various benefits of watermelon for health:

1.  Keep your body hydrated
The high electrolyte and water content in watermelon is very good for keeping the body hydrated.

The fat and calories are very low, only 30 calories per 100 g so you don't have to worry about increasing your weight if you consume this sweet fruit. The dietary fiber in it actually helps facilitate digestion and is good for diet friends.

2. Reducing the risk of cancer
Watermelon is rich in anti-oxidant flavonoids such as lycopene, beta carotene, lutein, zeaxanthin, and cyptoxanthin. Anti-oxidants are known to prevent colon, prostate, breast, endometrial, lung, cervical and pancreatic cancers. The content of lycopene in watermelons is even higher than tomatoes. Fresh watermelon contains 4532 µg of lycopene every 100 grams, while tomatoes only have 2573 µg.

Lycopene in watermelon is spread from the middle of the fruit of the fruit to close to the base and end of the fruit. One study also showed that the lycopene content in the watermelon was stable even though it had been cut and put in a refrigerator for up to seven days. Watermelon also has vitamins A and C which are natural antioxidants. The total anti-oxidant strength (ORAC value) in watermelon was 142 µmol TE / 100 g.

3. Reducing the risk of strokes, heart attacks, and high blood pressure

Watermelon is a good source of potassium. Potassium is a component of cells and body fluids that helps control heart rate and blood pressure, which can reduce the risk of heart attack, stroke and high blood pressure or hypertension.

Lycopene and potassium in watermelon are also important for maintaining heart health. While vitamins A and C help prevent cholesterol oxidation that clogs arteries. Plus, watermelons are known to be rich in citrulline amino acids. The kidneys will convert citrulline to arginine which can help smooth blood circulation and prevent fat accumulation in cells.

4. Prevent stiff muscles
One study in 2013 showed that drinking watermelon juice before strenuous exercise can reduce the stiff muscles that arise the next day. This is because citrullines that are converted into arginine by the kidneys can promote blood circulation.

5. Maintain kidney health
Watermelon is a diuretic because its citrulline content can increase the amount of urine that comes out of the body. Potassium in watermelon is also able to shed toxins to come out with urine to help promote healthy kidneys.

6. Increase endurance
Vitamin A and vitamin C in watermelons have an important role in maintaining endurance. Vitamin A helps treat mucous membranes so that germs do not easily enter the body. While vitamin C is needed to maintain the production of viral killer and germ proteins.

7. Maintain bone health
Besides being important for the heart, researchers believe that lycopene is also very good for maintaining bone health. Watermelon also contains potassium which can maintain calcium in the bones.

8.  Anti inflammation
Lycopene also functions as an anti-inflammatory agent along with beta carotene and cucurbitacin E. This compound is able to inhibit the activity of the enzyme cyclo-oxygenase and neutralize the reaction of nitrogen-containing molecules.

Therefore, watermelons are good to be consumed to prevent inflammation. Citrulline in watermelon is also known to maintain stomach acid to remain normal.

9. Strong medicine for men
Dr. Samuel Oetoro SpGK revealed that citrulline content in watermelons has the same effect as Viagra. Similar results were obtained by research conducted at Texas A & M University, United States.

The study shows that blood vessels that are more smooth due to citrulline can improve erectile ability in men. Citrulline in watermelon is also found in the flesh of the fruit, but is higher in the white or skin.

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